Learn to Love the Grid

Hello all!

I’d like to take a moment to talk about proper composition in you photos.  Namely, we’re trying to avoid a common mistake; and work on using a technique called The Rule of Thirds to improve the overall look.

The Rule of Thirds actually dates back to 1797, in a book called Remarks on Rural Scenery, John Thomas Smith laid out the general guidelines.  The basic idea is that we need to move the subject away from the center of the frame.  I hear the gears turning in your head “but where to?!”, don’t worry, we’ll get to that soon.  Let’s start at the beginning…

Rebatement of the Square–

Every rectangle in the world (just like the one you’re looking through when you take picturesl, can be divided into two overlapping squares.  Don’t worry, it’s easier than it looks, and there’s no math involved.  Let’s start with a standard rectangle  with the short sides measuring 1″, and the long sides measuring 1.5″ (just bear with me here):

1" x 1.5"

It’s a rectangle, nothing special here, yet…

Now, within this same rectangle, we highlight one of the short sides like so:

Things are just starting to get interesting,,,

Shennanigans begin to abound

You can even see in the diagram, that we’ve determined that the first two edges of the first hidden square can be determined by simply laying the short side down, and marking the side.  But what happens when we lift it back UP, only the other way?

Hidden Square Within the Rectangle

The shenannigans just stepped it up a bit

As you can see, we’ve discovered one of the hidden squares that lie within the rectangle.  If we were to repeat the whole process from the other side, we’d arrive at a finished product something like this:

Now the second square is playing along too

Now the second square is playing along

And here is a rebated rectangle
Discarding the extra parts reveals a rectangle that has been rebated

So now we have a rebatted (pronounced reh-baht-ed) rectangle, and you’re saying “so what?”  Well, as it turns out the asthetics of the physical world tend to conform to this standard to some degree.  There are many rennaisance paintings that use this system by placing their subjects or points of action on those middle lines.  Go ahead and check your rennaisance painting!  I’ll wait…

OK, you back?  I told ya they used it!  Now that we’ve established that, let’s look at the next logical step.

If you notice our rebatted rectangle, it’s divided the original rectangle into three equal parts.  If you create new lines and do the same thing vertically, you divide it into three equal parts that way, too.

Grid Pattern

Rebatted rectangle taken to the next evolution

Does this grid pattern look familiar?  It should, since it’s probably visible in your camera’s viewfinder.  Well, it’s there for a purpose, and we’re going to talk about that now.

Before we talked about improving asthetics by placing your subject on the vertical lines.  Now we can improve it even more by placing the most important part of your subject at one of the intersections of the lines.  Using the lines still works, both horizontally and vertically; but now we have the intersections, and the intersections are more or less ideal places for your subjects.

This process is called The Rule of Thirds; and it’s a photographer’s bread and butter.  Let’s see it in action!

Here we have a picture of a kid examining a model dinosaur.  It’s fairly plain-jane, but has room for some improvement.  You’ll notice the grid that’s likely visible in your viewfinder (if it isn’t, turn it on!)

Notice that, while he’s sort of near the left line, he’s off the intersection.  His face is pretty much right in the middle of the shot, the dinosaur is way off to the right, and not doing much for the look.

Here, we’ve zoomed in a bit so his face is at one intersection, his body follows the left line, and the dinosaur is on the top right intersection.  This creates a more interesting and asthetically pleasing picture.  We now also have a proper amount of headroom for the subject (it is what it sounds like, that’s a whole other tutorial).

As you keep using this rule over time, it will become second nature.  Eventually, you won’t even need the visible grid to place the subjects where they need to be.  There are even some circumstances where creativity dictates that you violate the rule; and that’s fine, this is art after all.

So go out there and practice this technique!

Happy Shooting!

Matt

Tell that kid to stop smiling!!

Kids…

They’re adorable, I love them, they tend to be very photogenic; but let’s face it.  Getting a kid to sit or stand still and pose for a picture is like herding cats in the rain.  Inevitably you get heads pointed away from the shot, fingers up noses, and bunny ears abound.  My solution is simple:  Let the kids be kids while you sit back and photograph what happens.  They’re plenty interesting all on their own, and there’s no need for me to mess with a good thing.

When I was a kid, my family always took pictures the same way.  I’m sure you’ve all seen the same.  There are probably millions of photo albums across america filled with pictures that all subscribe to the same set of instructions (usually barked by parents in an attempt to make the little buggers seem cuter than they are).

  1. Stand in front of this thing/place and everyone squeeze in together.
  2. Put your arms down at your sides
  3. Say “cheese”!

It’s that sort of picture that says “I was here, at least once, with these people; and I can prove it!”  Well, our goal at OPA is to make everyday photography better.  The pros have their own tricks to get really good, genuine photographs of children.  Here are a few easy tips to achieve the same thing.

Tip 1 (Leave them alone) —   First things first; let’s not make this picture into a major spectacle.  More often than not, as soon as the camera comes out and someone shouts “Everyone get over here for the picture!” you’ll see half the field scatter to the four winds, only to moan and groan through the whole process when finally snared and brought into the frame.  At least one will be hiding with his or her head in your jacket, hoping no one notices.  I find it best to have the camera out the entire time.  That way they’re used to it’s presence in the area, and they go on about their business.  This gives you oppertunities to catch them when they’re genuinely having fun.

Tip 2 (Get down there) —  Kids are small, no surprise there.  So why are we always taking shots of the tops of their heads?  Get down on their level for a while.  I like to sit on the floor or ground. and watch them play.

Here we see a common mistake. This shot was taken from the perspective of a standing adult. All we see is two kids eating, with not much in the way of emotion or expression.

Here we’re corrected the mistake by kneeling down to capture this lovely little princess smiling. This shot was taken from a distance, through a crowd so as to add to the “stealth” factor. If you need to use a flash, you should bounce it wherever possible.

Tip 3 (Eyes on the prize) —  That little window on the back of your camera, it’s called a view finder.  Ideally, when you’re in “picture taking mode”, it should be glued to your eye.  Some people prefer to use the LCD display over the view finder; but I came up in the film era, and I find a greater level of intimacy through that little window.  It’s also the best way I’ve found to keep track of your exposure information.  You should be riding the shutter button, constantly refocusing as you search for something.  Good photo ops are fleeting, and this level of readiness gives you the best chance at success.

If you find yourself in a situation where you simply MUST stand the kids in a line a take a pic, I always get the shot composed, focused and ready; then yell “STOP SMILING!!!” while possibly pointing at the kid in the crowd who is most prone to getting the giggles.  Spend any amount of time with them and you’ll learn who that is.

Well, hopefully these tips will help lead you in the right direction when it comes to kids.  There are more, but we’ll stick with the big, easy ones for now.  Keep an eye out for more updates in the future.  Until then, happy shooting!

Matt

Welcome to the Online Photo Academy!

Well, there's your problem right there!Hello everyone,

My name is Matt Stone, founder of the Online Photo Academy.  Our goal here is to reach out to photographers everywhere, of all skill levels, amateur and professional; in the belief that through our shared knowledge, we can improve the entire community.

Sometmes you’ll see posts by our staff.  Sometimes it will be a guest writer; and sometimes it will be one of you!  Users are free to submit articles for consideration, and possible inclusion in the knowledge base.  In that sense, there is a sort of wiki aspect to what we’re doing here.  We don’t know everything, that’s why we ask you.